Neurologic diseases are caused by the dysfunction of the brain and/ or spinal cord and nerves. This dysfunction can result in physical symptoms such as difficulty moving, speaking, swallowing, breathing, or learning, as well as psychological symptoms like problems with your memory, senses, or mood. Many neurologic diseases are “congenital,” meaning they were present when the person was born. Others develop after birth or are “acquired,” and some may be the result of a traumatic episode where the brain or spinal cord sustains an injury.
There are more than 600 neurologic diseases. Some of the most common conditions include:
- Diseases caused by gene abnormalities, such as and Muscular Dystrophy
- Degenerative diseases, where nerve cells are damaged or die, such as Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease
- Stroke or TIA (transient ischemic attack)
- Injuries to the spinal cord and brain
- Diseases of the Central Nervous System, such as Multiple Sclerosis
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